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FALLING OBJECTS

Study the force of gravity with this simple experiment

Suitable For

Grade 1

Difficulty

1

Time Required

 <1 Hour

Supervision

Advised

What’s it about?

Many forces exist in nature that we are unable to see. One of these forces which can be easily studied is ‘gravity’. Gravity can be explained as the force with which the earth attracts bodies near its surface. It is said that the famous scientist, Isaac Newton, pondered over the force of gravity while sitting in an orchard, watching an apple fall from a tree a long time ago.

Newton suggested that both the apple and the earth had an invisible force that pulled objects toward them, but because of the shear size and weight of the earth, its gravitational force is much more powerful and the apple is pulled toward the earth. A scientist called ‘Galileo’, put forward the theory that all objects are pulled down to earth due to gravity, at the same speed, no matter their weight. Try to prove Galileo’s theory for yourself in the following science experiment:

Topics covered

Gravity, Isaac Newton, Galileo

What will I need?

  • LARGE TIN TRAY
  • CHAIR
  • BALL BEARING
  • MODELLING CLAY

Procedure (Method)

Unfortunately, this section is only available in the e-book version of the project.

How does it work?

Unfortunately, this section is only available in the e-book version of the project.

Gravity pulls down both objects toward the earth at the same speed, even though they have different weights. If no air resistance is present, the rate of descent depends only on how far the object has fallen, no matter how heavy the object is. This means that two objects will reach the ground at the same time if they are dropped simultaneously from the same height. In this science experiment we use two ‘balls’ of different weights but of more or less the same size to try and minimize the effect that the air resistance has on them.

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